2013年4月24日 星期三

Facebook timeline剛出現時惹惱了不少人,甚至還有多人連署回復到原本樣式,
但是利用timeline或許是了解Art History的最快方式喔, 一次搞懂近代主要的幾個藝術畫派吧!

完整timeline請看:
http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/art-history-timeline.html

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Art Periods/ Movements
Characteristics
Chief Artists and Major Works
Historical Events
Baroque (1600–1750)
Splendor and flourish for God; art as a weapon in the religious wars
Reubens, Rembrandt, Caravaggio, Palace of Versailles
Thirty Years' War between Catholics and Protestants (1618–1648)
Dutch Art(1620-1670)
still lifes, portraits, landscapes, interiors and genre painting
Rembrandt, Vermeer

Neoclassical (1750–1850)
Art that recaptures Greco-Roman grace and grandeur
* Emulated the sculptural and architectural forms of ancient Greece and Rome. Neo-classical art was severe, unemotional, rigid.

David, Ingres, Greuze, Canova
Enlightenment (18th century); Industrial Revolution (1760–1850)
Art Nouveau (1890-1910)
Depict living things, plants.

Aubrey Beardsley, Victor Horta


Romanticism (1780–1850)
The triumph of imagination and individuality
Caspar Friedrich, Gericault, Delacroix, Turner, Benjamin West
American Revolution (1775–1783); French Revolution (1789–1799); Napoleon crowned emperor of France (1803)
Realism (1848–1900)
Celebrating working class and peasants; en plein air rustic painting
Corot, Courbet, Daumier, Millet
European democratic revolutions of 1848
Impressionism (1865–1885)
Capturing fleeting effects of natural light
Monet, Manet, Renoir, Pissarro, Cassatt, Morisot, Degas
Franco-Prussian War (1870–1871); Unification of Germany (1871)
Post-Impressionism (1885–1910)
A soft revolt against Impressionism
Van Gogh, Gauguin, Cézanne, Seurat
Belle Époque (late-19th-century Golden Age); Japan defeats Russia (1905)



幾個重點跟大家分享一下:

1. Art Nouveu:

1890s, 此時正值  the early years of industrialization.
西方社會改變的速度遠大於從前,
時下的藝術家想 break free from these past conventions. They wanted to make art that was more appropriate to modern life, to the world they lived in. 
當時流行的藝術風格是Neoclassical, 但是它severe, unemotional, and rigid.
Art Nouveau  想改變此風格,他們繪畫的主題多半是大自然,像 a flower, vines with graceful curling lines等等。

2. Impressionism

印象派這個字其實來自Monet 的 Impression: Sunrise
The name of the style derives from the title of a Claude Monet work, Impression, soleil levant (Impression, Sunrise), which provoked the critic Louis Leroy to coin the term in a satirical review published in the Parisian newspaper Le Charivari.



特色:
借助光與色的變幻來表現畫家在瞬間之際所捕捉到的印象
Impressionist painting characteristics include relatively small, thin, yet visible brush strokes, open composition, emphasis on accurate depiction of light in its changing qualities (often accentuating the effects of the passage of time), ordinary subject matter, inclusion of movement as a crucial element of human perception and experience, and unusual visual angles 

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