2013年8月23日 星期五

Crete Island -- Minoan Palaces

Crete Island 是只要提到Ancient Greeks就常出現的機經考點喔!
Crete Island 地理位置

最重要的考點是這個島上的Minoan Palaces (米諾斯文明的宮殿),
包含最主要的這四座:
Knossos (22,000 m2), Phaistos (18,000 m2), Malia (7,500 m2) and Zakros (8,500 m2 ).

Palace of Knossos

原文出處:http://www.explorecrete.com/archaeology/minoan-palaces.html

1. 各自獨立自治:
The Minoan palaces were autonomous and independent from each other, but they appear to have followed a common policy dictated by the central, larger and more sumptuous palace of Knossos.

2. 皇室住處,但也有些聖殿開放給一般民眾參拜:
In addition to their use as the residence of the royal family and other elites, the priesthood (with the king himself as archpriest) and officials, the palaces did not close their doors to the citizens. They may have had special sacred areas (throne rooms) where the king and his officials deliberated on matters of policy or justice, but the palaces also contained the major sanctuaries to which all the people had access. 

3. 舉行宗教儀式的地點、也供民眾當成workshop製造crafts
n the palaces were held most of the religious ceremonies, the various processions and the famous bull-leaping events, which were open to all. The palaces also housed the workshops where luxury goods such as decorated pottery, seals, figurines of precious stones, etc. were produced for export.

4. 為避免髒亂,其他農產品並非在此製造,但是製造到最後分配等等還是由Palaces統一管理:
The production and distribution of farming goods, on the other hand, did not take place inside the palaces but at the rural farmhouses or Minoan villas scattered across the Cretan countryside. Obviously the inevitable mess accompanying animal husbandry was not acceptable within or near the palaces. It is also far more practical to make cheese on the spot where milk is produced. However, the production and distribution of goods at farmhouses and villas was controlled by the palaces. This means that the political, administrative and economic system of Minoan Crete was under the centralised control of the Minoan palaces.

真題出現過的考點:

考古學家Arthan Evans曾經想探討一本Greek literature 有關 story of the labyrinth 的真實性,

於是去了該本小說背景的Crete Island, 的確發現了一個相似的maze, 雖然大小及複雜程度遠不及小說裡的labyrinth, 但似乎是以它為雛形所建照的。

傳說中的有猛獸的labyrinth



以下連結是Palace of Knossos的 3D virtual tour, 可以帶你觀看整個宮殿:
http://www.bsa.ac.uk/knossos/vrtour/throne/46_1.htm

類似的3D virtual tour還有有關另外一個常考考點:*位在法國的 Lascaux Cave Art
http://www.lascaux.culture.fr/?lng=en#/fr/02_00.xml

以動畫方式呈現,彷彿身入其境喔!
相關機經重點可以參考Online Test: Lascaux Cave PaintingsTPO4 Cave Art in Europe!

 

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